Shiraz is the capital of Fars province in Iran, one of the most beautiful,
historical cities in the world. Farsi (Persian or Parsi) the language of
Ancient Fars (Pars), has become the official language of Iran (Persia).
Shiraz is the center of Fars province. shiraz is called a city of roses and
nightingales, the city of poets and philosophers, the city of warriors and
kings, orchards and orangeries, adonises and fragrant blossoms and above all
the city of monuments, where great empires of Achaemenians have come to
It’s now a regional capital and university town dotted with beautiful
gardens filled with flowers The population of Shiraz is about 965 000.
residents of Shiraz have a reputation for being very friendly and
hospitable. Many of the university students speak English and are eager to
practice it with the guests.
The main historical sites and tourist resorts of shiraz are perspolis,the
shrine of shah cherag,the mausoleums of Hafez and Saadi,Eram garden,vakil
bazaar mvakil mosque.
The capital of Fars province, city of poets, wine and
Shiraz with more than 850,000 inhabitants situated in southwestern Iran, in
the inland around 200 km from the Persian Gulf, at an elevation of 1,800
metres above sea level.
Different people have lived in the Fars province such as the Aryans, the
Samis and the Turks, who worked together to form the Iranian culture.
The first Capital of Fars, some 2500 years ago, was Pasargad. It was also
the capital of Acheamenid King Cyrus the great The ceremonial capital of his successor,Dariush
1 (or Darius the Great), and his son Xerxes, was perspolis Today, only the ruins of these two capitals
remain. Stakhr was another capital of Fars. It was established by the
Sassanid and lasted until Shiraz finally assumed the role of
the regional capital.
Shiraz is also the birthplace and resting place of the great Persian poets
and Saadi There are two remarkable monuments in Shiraz. One is
dedicated to Hafez, the master of Persian lyrical poetry. The other one is
dedicated to Sa'adi, the author of the famous Golestan, a book of sonnets
called the Garden of Roses.
According to Islamic historians, Shiraz came into existence only after
the Arab conquest of Iran. The Arab invasion, in fact, contributed to its
importance and by the 13th century, Shiraz had grown into one the largest
and most popular Islamic cities of the era.
Shiraz lies spread out like an
immense garden on a green plain at the foot of the Tang Allah-o-Akbar
The most interesting buildings in Shiraz are located in the old part of the
town. Among them are about a dozen mosques, some with bulb- shaped domes,
and others with pear shaped domes and cupolas. These mosques are mostly
scattered in among the old houses.
The Masjid-e-Vakil (the Regent Mosque) has an impressive portal containing
faience panels in floral designs with various shades and colors on each
side. The northern iwan (verandah) is decorated with shrubs and flowers,
mainly rose bushes. The ceiling in Mihrab Chamber (altar) is covered with
small cupolas resting on twisted columns. Vakil Bazaar, which is close by,
was built by Karim Khan Zand. Here silversmiths and jewelers still apply
their trades of exquisite inlay work. Persian carpets and other traditional
Persian handicrafts may also be purchased in the Vakil Bazaar.
About 50 km. Northwest of Shiraz, at the foot of the rahmat Mountains, one
encounters the vast platform and remains of Persepolis, the grand ceremonial
Capital built by Darius I (Darius the Great) and his successors some 2500
years ago. Archeologists are still combing through the debris and ashes that
have covered Persepolis since Alexander the Great destroyed it in 330 BC.
Most of the structures have already been revealed.
Pasargad is located about 77 km away from Persepolis. It was built by
Cyrus the Great. Among the interesting sites at Pasargad is a stone platform
80 m. long and 18 m. wide. It is believed to have been the foundation of a
palace. Close by are the ruins of a building called the Prison of Solomon
which was probably a fire temple.
The most important monument in Pasargad is undoubtedly the tomb of Cyrus the
Great. It has seven broad steps leading to the sepulcher, which measures
534m. in length by 531m in width and has a low and narrow entrance. When
Alexander the Great looted and destroyed Persepolis, he paid a visit to the
tomb of Cyrus. It is recorded that he commanded Aristobulus, one of his
warriors, to enter the monument. Inside he found a golden bed, a table set
with drinking vessels, a gold coffin, some ornaments studded with precious
stones and an inscription of the tomb, which reads: